Greek version
Endemic species Rare-Threatened Fungi Bryophytes-Lichens Herbarium


RARE AND THREATENED SPECIES

Rare and threatened plant species are an important category of Parnitha's flora, either because they have very small populations or because they are in danger due to human impact. Some of these species, deserving our attention and protection are:
•  Paeonia mascula (L.) Miller ssp. hellenica Tzanoud. – white paeony
Three small populations, constituting of approximately 70 individuals, are observed on remote locations of the mountain. It is a threatened species and immediate actions must be taken for its preservation and regeneration.

•  Lilium chalcedonicum L. – red lily
It is a striking species, with four very small populations on Parnitha. One of them is in great danger, as its population lies next to a busy mountain trail.

•  Tulipa hageri Boiss. ex Heldr. – red tulip
It is observed in several fields in small populations. Its largest population was the one at Mola's plateau, who has decreased, due to overcollecting by the visitors.

•  Tulipa undulatifolia Boiss. (Syn: T. boeotica) – boeotic tulip
This red tulip used to grow in fields and meadows of low/medium altitudes, but today is considered extinct from the mountain. It is included in the Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece, as "Vulnerable".

•  Ebenus sibthorpii DC.
This species is endemic to SE Greece and a small population is found at Thrakomakedones area.

•  Lomelosia hymettia (Boiss. & Spruner) Greuter & Burdet
[Syn: Scabiosa hymettia]

It is endemic to C and S Greece and N Aegean. It grows in small populations on the south slopes of Parnitha.

•  Fritillaria graeca Boiss. & Spruner
It is an endemic species with limited distribution in Attica, Evvia and Peloponnese and it is in danger, as it grows along a side road and a
trail.

•  Fritillaria obliqua Ker-Gawler ssp. ïbliqua
This herb is mentioned in the Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece, as "Vulnerable". It is endemic to Attica and Evvia and requires immediate protection measures, as several of its populations are now extinct. On Parnitha three large populations have been observed.

•  X Malosorbus florentina (Zuccagni) Browicz
A tree, mentioned in the Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece, as "Vulnerable". Only one small population grows in a limited area of the mountain.

•  Asperula baenitzii Heldr. ex Boiss.
This herb is also mentioned in the Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece, as "Vulnerable". It is strictly endemic to Attica and has only been found on Parnitha, Aegaleo and Pateras mountains. A very small population is observed on Parnitha.

•  Amelanchier chelmea (Halacsy) Browicz
A small bush, included in the Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece, as "Rare". It is endemic and grows on mountains of the Peloponnese, Evvia, Parnitha and on Yioura island.

These species are part of Parnitha's natural heritage and it is very important for the mountain's visitors to recognize them and protect them, not only because future generations should know them, but most importantly, they are living monuments of nature.

 

 
   
 
 
 
 

 

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Contact:

  Forest Service of Parnitha
  Thrakomakedonon Ave.    142, Acharnes. GR13601
   Athens, Greece.

Tel.: 0030 210 2434061-3 fax.: 0030 210 2434064

mail: daspar@otenet.gr

 
   
           
         
           

 Design-editing:
  Eirini Aplada, Biologist-M.Sc. Environmental Biology and Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystem Management

mail: iaplada@yahoo.com
©2006