Greek version
Phrygana Macchie Pine forest Firforest Oak thickets
Brushwood Riverine vegetation Chasmophytes Meadows


The term "macchie" or "maquis" is used for a dense, sometimes impenetrable scrub vegetation, generally 1-3.5m tall and largely composed of hard-leaved evergreen shrubs. It is a characteristic mediterranean type of ecosystem and can be seen in Parnitha at low and moderate altitudes, mainly on limestone.

macchie (Tatoi)The most characteristic macchie species are: carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua), strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo), eastern strawberry tree (Arbutus andrachne), mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus), turpentine tree (Pistacia terebinthus), olive tree (Olea europaea), kermes oak (Quercus coccifera), smoke-tree (Cotinus coggygria), mock privet (Phillyrea latifolia), tree heath (Erica arborea), oleander (Nerium oleander) and rarely, in damp places, myrtle (Myrtus communis), Judas tree (Cercis siliquastrum) and laurel (Laurus nobilis).

The characteristic of the macchie formations is that no species dominates. On the contrary, numerous species form mixed thickets. A very important species is holm oak (Quercus ilex). In the past, holm oak was lumbered extensively along with other broad-leaved evergreen shrubs (kermes oaks, strawberry trees, mock privets etc.), for providing charcoals of very good quality.

turpentine tree (Pistacia terebinthus)This kind of exploitation has ceased in most parts of the mountain and the macchie vegetation is considered very well developed.



Play our game and meet the animals living on Mt Parnitha!



  Forest Service of Parnitha
  Thrakomakedonon Ave.    142, Acharnes. GR13601
   Athens, Greece.

Tel.: 0030 210 2434061-3 fax.: 0030 210 2434064



  Eirini Aplada, Biologist-M.Sc. Environmental Biology and Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystem Management