Greek version
Phrygana Macchie Pine forest Firforest Oak thickets
Brushwood Riverine vegetation Chasmophytes Meadows


chasmophytic vegetationOne of the most important vegetation types occurs on limestone rocks, host of a very special flora. Species growing on rock crevices have to deal with an extremely inhospitable environment. Therefore, they have developed several adjustments, such as strong roots, in order to survive. This supports them on the cliffs and also allows the maximum exploitation of the little water and nutrients contained in minimum soil. Moreover, this habitat is susceptible to strong winds and full sunlight, as there is no tall vegetation to protect it from these climatic factors. It is noteworthy that most chasmophytic species are endemics.

Bellflower of Parnitha (Campanula celsii ssp. parnesia)Parnitha is a very steep mountain with several crevices and gorges, especially at the south side. This favours the creation of many chasmophytic communities, with endemic species, such as the bellflower of Parnitha (endemic to Parnitha) - Campanula celsii ssp. parnesia, the wild carnation of Parnitha (endemic to Parnitha)Iris of Attica (Iris attica) - Silene oligantha ssp. parnesia, samphires (Inula verbascifolia ssp. methanea), Corinth's catchfly (Silene corinthiaca), skullcap of Parnassus (Scutellaria rupestris ssp. parnassica) etc.



Play our game and meet the animals living on Mt Parnitha!



  Forest Service of Parnitha
  Thrakomakedonon Ave.    142, Acharnes. GR13601
   Athens, Greece.

Tel.: 0030 210 2434061-3 fax.: 0030 210 2434064



  Eirini Aplada, Biologist-M.Sc. Environmental Biology and Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystem Management